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Company / Occupation: Mercer

Year click to sort by year Name click to sort by name Office Company / Occupation
1206-07 le Mercer, Serlo
Sheriff Mercer 1  
1214-15 le Mercer, Serlo
Mayor 2 Mercer 1  
1217-18 le Mercer, Serlo
Mayor 3 Mercer 1  
1218-19 le Mercer, Serlo
Mayor Mercer 1  
1219-20 le Mercer, Serlo
Mayor Mercer 1  
1220-21 le Mercer, Serlo
Mayor Mercer 1  
1221-22 le Mercer, Serlo
Mayor Mercer 1  
1234-35 Eswy, Ralph
[Aswy]
Sheriff Mercer  
1239-40 Eswy, Ralph
[Aswy]
Sheriff Mercer  
1241-42 Eswy, Ralph
[Aswy]
Mayor Mercer  
1242-43 Eswy, Ralph
[Aswy]
Mayor Mercer  
1243-44 Eswy, Ralph
[Aswy]
Mayor Mercer  
1254-55 4 Eswy, William
[Aswy]
Sheriff (until Feb. 1255 ) Mercer  
1261-62 le Taillour, Philip
Sheriff Mercer 5  
1269-70 6 le Taillour, Philip
Sheriff (from 6 or 18 July 1270 ) Mercer 5  
1286-87 Hauteyn, Walter
Sheriff Mercer  
1288-89 de Betoyne, William
Sheriff Goldsmith (possibly), Mercer (possibly), Pepperer (possibly) 7  
1298-99 le Refham, Richer
Sheriff Mercer  
1301-02 le Callere, Robert
Sheriff Mercer  
1302-03 de Paris, Simon
Sheriff Mercer  
1304-05 de Paris, Roger
Sheriff Mercer  
1307-08 Pycot, Nicholas
Sheriff Mercer  
1310-11 Cambridge, John
Sheriff (replaced Peter de Blakeneye 8 ) Mercer 8  
1310-11 le Refham, Richer
Mayor Mercer  
1313-14 de Gartone, Hugh
Sheriff Mercer  
1315-16 de Godchep, Hamo
Sheriff Mercer  
1316-17 de Caustone, William
Sheriff Mercer  
1318-19 Dalling, John
Sheriff Mercer 9  
1324-25 de Caustone, John
Sheriff (replaced Alan Gille 10 ) Mercer  
1327-28 Hauteyn, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1328-29 Fraunceys, Simon
Sheriff 11 (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1329-30 le Lacer, Richard12
Sheriff Mercer  
1339-40 de Forsham, Roger
Sheriff Mercer  
1341-42 Fraunceys, Simon
Mayor (replaced John de Oxenford 13 ) Mercer  
1342-43 Fraunceys, Simon
Mayor Mercer  
1343-44 de Aylesham, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1344-45 de Wychingham, Geoffrey
Sheriff Mercer  
1345-46 Hemenhall, Edmond
Sheriff Mercer (possibly) 14  
1345-46 le Lacer, Richard12
Mayor Mercer  
1346-47 de Wychingham, Geoffrey
Mayor Mercer  
1352-53 Fraunceys, Adam
Mayor Mercer  
1353-54 Fraunceys, Adam
Mayor Mercer  
1354-55 de Todenham, William
Sheriff Mercer  
1355-56 Fraunceys, Simon
Mayor Mercer  
1356-57 de Notyngham, Richard
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1358-59 de Bernes, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1360-61 de Berneye, Walter
Sheriff Mercer  
1368-69 Wimondham, Adam
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer (possibly) 15  
1369-70 Pyel, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1370-71 de Bernes, John
Mayor Mercer  
1371-72 de Bernes, John
Mayor Mercer  
1371-72 Stable, Adam
Sheriff Mercer  
1372-73 Pyel, John
Mayor Mercer  
1373-74 Fyfhide, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1376-77 Stable, Adam
Mayor (until 21 Mar. 1377 16 ) Mercer  
1378-79 Boseham, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1379-80 Heylesdon, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1380-81 Knyghtcote, William
Sheriff Mercer  
1383-84 More, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1384-85 Fresshe, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1385-86 Organ, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1388-89 Austyn, Thomas
Sheriff Mercer  
1389-90 Loneye, John
[Loveneye]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1390-91 Vynent, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1391-92 17 Newenton, Thomas
[Neuton]
Sheriff (replaced John Shadworth or Henry Vanner ) Mercer  
1391-92 17 Shadworth, John
Sheriff (chosen by Mayor; until 25 Jun. 1392 ) Mercer  
1392-93 Newenton, Thomas
[Neuton]
Sheriff Mercer  
1393-94 Whytyngdone, Richard
[Whittington]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1394-95 Fresshe, John
Mayor Mercer  
1395-96 Shyringham, William
Sheriff Mercer  
1396-97 Parker, William
Sheriff Mercer  
1396-97 Whytyngdone, Richard
[Whittington]
Mayor (replaced Adam Bamme 18 ) Mercer  
1397-98 Whytyngdone, Richard
[Whittington]
Mayor Mercer  
1397-98 Wodecok, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1399-1400 Walderne, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1401-02 Shadworth, John
Mayor Mercer  
1403-04 Fauconer, Thomas
Sheriff Mercer  
1404-05 Speleman, Stephen
Sheriff Mercer  
1405-06 Wodecok, John
Mayor Mercer  
1406-07 Whytyngdone, Richard
[Whittington]
Mayor Mercer  
1409-10 Lane, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1411-12 Cottone, Walter19
Sheriff Mercer  
1412-13 Walderne, William
Mayor Mercer  
1414-15 Aleyn, Thomas
Sheriff Mercer  
1414-15 Fauconer, Thomas
Mayor Mercer  
1415-16 Everard, Alan
Sheriff Mercer  
1416-17 Coventre, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1419-20 Botiler, John
[Boteler]
Sheriff (chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 20  
1419-20 Whytyngdone, Richard
[Whittington]
Mayor Mercer  
1422-23 Estfeld, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1422-23 Walderne, William
Mayor Mercer  
1423-24 Wandesford, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1425-26 Coventre, John
Mayor Mercer  
1425-26 Melreth, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1427-28 Frowyk, Henry
Sheriff Mercer  
1428-29 Abbot, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 21  
1429-30 Estfeld, William
Mayor Mercer  
1430-31 Large, Robert
Sheriff Mercer  
1432-33 Olney, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1433-34 Chalton, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1435-36 Frowyk, Henry
Mayor Mercer  
1437-38 Estfeld, William
Mayor Mercer  
1437-38 Hales, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 22  
1438-39 Dyke, Hugh
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 23  
1439-40 Large, Robert
Mayor Mercer  
1441-42 Rich, Richard
Sheriff Mercer 24  
1444-45 Frowyk, Henry
Mayor Mercer  
1444-45 Wiche, Hugh
Sheriff Mercer  
1445-46 Feldynge, Geoffrey
Sheriff Mercer  
1446-47 Boleyn, Geoffrey25
Sheriff Mercer  
1446-47 Olney, John
Mayor Mercer  
1448-49 Cantelowe, William
Sheriff Mercer  
1449-50 Chalton, Thomas
Mayor Mercer  
1450-51 Middleton, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1452-53 Feldynge, Geoffrey
Mayor Mercer  
1456-57 Verney, Ralph
Sheriff Mercer  
1457-58 Boleyn, Geoffrey25
Mayor Mercer  
1458-59 Nedeham, Richard
Sheriff Mercer 26  
1460-61 Lambarde, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1461-62 Lok, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 27  
1461-62 Wiche, Hugh
Mayor Mercer  
1463-64 Muschampe, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 28  
1464-65 Tate, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1465-66 Verney, Ralph
Mayor Mercer  
1466-67 Stokton, John
Sheriff (replaced Henry Bryce 29 ) Mercer  
1469-70 Gardyner, Richard
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1470-71 Stokton, John
Mayor Mercer  
1470-71 Warde, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1471-72 Shelley, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 30  
1472-73 Browne, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1473-74 Tate, John
Mayor Mercer  
1476-77 Rawson, Richard
Sheriff Mercer  
1477-78 Colet, Henry
Sheriff Mercer  
1478-79 Gardyner, Richard
Mayor Mercer  
1479-80 Ilome, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1480-81 Browne, John
Mayor Mercer  
1481-82 Tate, Robert
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1482-83 Mathewe, John
Sheriff Mercer  
1485-86 Tate, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1486-87 Clopton, Hugh
Sheriff Mercer  
1486-87 Colet, Henry
Mayor Mercer  
1488-89 Tate, Robert
Mayor Mercer  
1490-91 Mathewe, John
Mayor Mercer  
1491-92 Browne, William31
Sheriff Mercer  
1491-92 Clopton, Hugh
Mayor Mercer  
1492-93 Purchase, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1494-95 Ailwyn, Nicholas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1495-96 Colet, Henry
Mayor Mercer  
1496-97 Haddon, Richard
Sheriff Mercer  
1496-97 Tate, John
Mayor Mercer  
1497-98 Purchase, William
Mayor Mercer  
1497-98 Wyndout, Thomas
Sheriff Mercer  
1498-99 Bradbury, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1499-1500 Ailwyn, Nicholas
Mayor Mercer  
1500-01 Hawes, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1503-04 Hawes, Christopher
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1504-05 Browne, William32
Sheriff Mercer  
1506-07 Haddon, Richard
Mayor Mercer  
1507-08 Browne, William31
Mayor (died 22 Mar. 1508 33 ) Mercer  
1509-10 Bradbury, Thomas
Mayor (died 11 Jan. 1510 34 ) Mercer  
1511-12 Shelton, Nicholas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1512-13 Haddon, Richard
Mayor (replaced William Copynger 35 ) Mercer  
1513-14 Basford, Roger
Sheriff (replaced John Dawes 36 ) Mercer  
1513-14 Browne, William32
Mayor (died 3 Jun. 1514 37 ) Mercer  
1513-14 Tate, John
Mayor (replaced William Browne 38 ) Mercer  
1514-15 Yarford, James
[Yerford]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1516-17 Semer, Thomas
[Seymour]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1517-18 Baldry, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1518-19 Aleyn, John
[Alen]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1519-20 Yarford, James
[Yerford]
Mayor Mercer  
1520-21 Kyme, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1523-24 Baldry, Thomas
Mayor Mercer  
1523-24 Englysshe, Michael
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1524-25 Dodmer, Ralph
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 39  
1525-26 Aleyn, John
[Alen]
Mayor Mercer  
1526-27 Semer, Thomas
[Seymour]
Mayor Mercer  
1527-28 Hollyes, William
Sheriff Mercer  
1528-29 Warren, Ralph
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1529-30 Dodmer, Ralph
Mayor Mercer 39  
1529-30 Dormer, Michael
Sheriff 40 (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1530-31 Dauntsey, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1531-32 Gresham, Richard
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1532-33 Reynolds, Richard
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 41  
1533-34 Kytson, Thomas
Sheriff Mercer  
1534-35 Leveson, Nicholas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 42  
1535-36 Aleyn, John
[Alen]
Mayor Mercer  
1536-37 Warren, Ralph
Mayor Mercer  
1537-38 Gresham, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1537-38 Gresham, Richard
Mayor Mercer  
1538-39 Wilkenson, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 43  
1539-40 Fayrey, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer 44  
1539-40 Hollyes, William
Mayor Mercer  
1541-42 Dormer, Michael
Mayor Mercer  
1541-42 Hill, Rowland
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1543-44 Warren, Ralph
Mayor (replaced William Bowyer 45 ) Mercer  
1546-47 Gerveys, Richard
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1547-48 Chertsey, Robert
Sheriff Mercer  
1547-48 Gresham, John
Mayor Mercer  
1548-49 Lok, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1549-50 Hill, Rowland
Mayor Mercer  
1552-53 Maynard, John46
Sheriff Mercer 47  
1555-56 Leigh, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1557-58 Malorye, Richard
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Mercer  
1558-59 Leigh, Thomas
Mayor Mercer  

Notes

(Any abbreviated sources are listed in full below the notes.)

1Beaven I.337 n. identifies as a Mercer the mayor 1215 and later (listed in this database for 1214-15, 1217-22), who is the same individual as the 1206-07 sheriff Serlo le Mercer (see Reynolds p. 356).

2Mayor in 1215 [not 1214-15], 1216-22, according to Beaven I.337 n. A.H. Thomas and I.D. Thornley, eds., The Great Chronicle of London (London: Corporation of London, 1938) p. 5, has Roger fitz-Alan mayor for part of this year and Serlo le Mercer mayor for part, as does A Chronicle p. 8; Annales Londonienses p. 17 dates fitz-Alan's removal in May 1215. Brooke with Keir, p. 376, however, lists Serlo le Mercer as mayor 1214-15.

3Beaven I.337 begins Serlo le Mercer's second mayoralty (his first was in 1214-15 or just 1215) in 1216.

4Ralph Hardel, according to Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 22-23, did not immediately become mayor, because the city was taken into the king's hands (under John Gisors) until 19 November. Sheriffs William Eswy and Robert de Linton, temporarily out of office also with Hardel (Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 22-23), were removed in February 1255 for neglect involving the gaols and were replaced by Henry de Walemunt and Stephen de Oystergate: see Stow/K II.156 n. 10, and Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 23-24.

5Mercer: Williams pp. 58 and 332. Listed among the Merchant Taylors by Beaven I.345 but not so identified (I.374) in his chronological listing of aldermen.

6Replacements of sheriffs and the warden, effective 6 July (the date also used by Hughes p. 201), are listed in Stow/K II.158 n. 7; but see also Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 120 and 129-30 (new mayor and sheriffs chosen at the beginning of June; mayor presented to king and admitted 16 July, sworn before king 18 July; sheriffs presented and admitted at Exchequer 18 July). Beaven on I.235 lists Walter le Poter as sheriff 1270-71, but on I.375 as sheriff only in 1270.

7Pepperer (Beaven I.338), Goldsmith (Beaven I.189); neither in Beaven's chronological listing I.377; Pepperer, Mercer, or Goldsmith: Ekwall p. 147; and see Nightingale pp. 93, 109-10, 121 (William de Bethune, Mercer).

8See LBD (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/004) fo. 2v for Cambridge's name, company, and 3 August date of appointment; his name is also given in Stow/K II.162 n. 4.

9Mercer: Ekwall p. 275 # 90. A John de Dallynges is also listed among other Mercers c. 1328 in LBE (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/005) fo. 190r. Beaven I.266 lists a John de Dallyng, Mercer, as a representative of London in Parliament 1340 (and, I.286, as dying in 1349: see Wills I.618): possibly a son of this 1318-19 sheriff (see Ekwall).

10According to LBD (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/004) fo. 6v, John de Caustone was originally elected but did not take up the election, and on 29 September Alan Gille was elected and sworn in his place, and admitted at Westminster on Monday, 1 October. But on 29 October Caustone, who had been stripped of the freedom of the City and of his aldermanship, asked to be reinstated, and replaced Gille; Caustone was elected and sworn 29 October at the Guildhall, and admitted 30 October at Westminster. (Beaven, II.xxxii, mentions Gille and his election situation.)

11Mayor's choice: CPMR 1 (1323-64) p. 69.

12Mayor 1345-46, after sheriff 1329-30; listed as Richard Leget, as mayor, in Stow/K II.165.

13Elected Tuesday, 18 June 1342, sworn at Westminster [Wednesday,] 19 June (LBF [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006] fo. 60v).

14A well-off Edmund de Hemenhale, Mercer, died in 1348 (Wills I.608).

15There is an Adam (de) Wymondham, Mercer, in CPMR 1 (1323-64) p. 259 (1362) and CPMR 2 (1364-81) p. 76 (1367).

16Stable was discharged 21 March 1377 by the king; see LBH (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/008) fo. 59r and LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 233v.

17All three originally elected officers for 1391-92--mayor John Heende, sheriff John Shadworth, and sheriff Henry Vanner--were deprived of office 25 June 1392 and imprisoned for a short time: see LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/06) fo. 233v, LBH (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/008) fo. 270v, Calendar LBF pp. 289-90 and n. 2, and Beaven I.401. Appointed by the king in their places were sheriffs Gilbert Maghfeld and Thomas Newenton (Letters Patent 25 June, sworn 1 July: LBH fo. 270v) and, as warden, first Edward Dalyngregge (Letters Patent 25 June, sworn 1 July: LBH fo. 270v), and then Baldwin de Radyngton (Letters Patent 22 July: LBH fo. 273v). See also LBF fo. 233v. According to Calendar LBH p. 379 n. 1 (citing Higden), during the interval between the removal of Heende and the appointment of Dalyngregge, the city was ruled by William Staundon.

18Appointed 8 June by Letters Patent; see LBH (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/008) fo. 314r.

19William Cotton in Stow/K II.171.

20Beaven II.6 n. 12 notes that another John Boteler, Draper, became sheriff in 1420 (but was never an alderman).

21Mercer: LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 55v. See also Mercers' MS Wardens' Accounts 1347-1464 fos. 98v and 100r (the Mercers receive and pay money for Abbot as a Mercer sheriff). See also Beaven I.287 and 271.

22Mercer: LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 171r; see also Mercers' MS Wardens' Accounts 1347-1464 fos. 127r and 130r (the Mercers are receiving and paying money for Hales as a Mercer sheriff).

23Mercer: Jor. 3 (LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/003) fo. 171v; also Mercers' MS Wardens' Accounts 1347-1464 fos. 131r and 133v (the Mercers are receiving and paying money for Dyke as a Mercer sheriff). Beaven I.145 lists a Hugh Dyke, Mercer, as a nominee for alderman in 1437.

24Mercer: Stow/K I.110, 275; also Mercers' MS Wardens' Accounts 1347-1464 fos. 139v-140r (the Mercers receive and pay money for Rich as a Mercer sheriff), although Rich's Mercer identity has been deleted in LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 197v.

25Godfrey in Stow/K II.174 (as sheriff 1446-47) and 175 (as mayor 1457-58).

26Mercer: Mercers' MS Wardens' Accounts 1347-1464 fos. 193v and 194r (the Mercers are receiving and paying money for Nedeham as a Mercer sheriff). See also Beaven I.288 and 272.

27Mercer: Beaven II.12. Vintner: LBL (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011) fo. 5v, but for Mercer see also Jor. 6 (LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/006) fo. 21r and Mercers' MS Wardens' Accounts 1347-1464 fos. 201v and 202r (the Mercers receive and pay money for Lok as a Mercer sheriff).

28Mercer: Jor. 7 (LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/007) fo. 39r; see also Mercers' MS Wardens' Accounts 1347-1464 fos. 207v and 208r [my count; leaves are unfoliated](the Mercers are receiving and paying money for Muschampe as a Mercer sheriff).

29Elected Saturday, 20 June 1467, to Westminster Monday, 22 June (LBL [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011] fo. 52r). LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 234v gives the Westminster date as 21 June.

30Mercer: LBL (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011) fo. 77v and LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 234v; also Mercers' MS Acts of Court 1 fo. 26r.

31Not William Browne, Mercer, sheriff 1504-05, mayor 1513-14. See Beaven II.20 and 21.

32Not William Browne, Mercer, sheriff 1491-92, mayor 1507-08. See Beaven II.20 and 21.

33Beaven II.20.

34Beaven II.20.

35Elected [Tuesday] 8 February 1513 (LBM [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012] fo. 202r).

36Elected Friday, 16 June 1514 (LBF [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006] fo. 235v).

37Beaven II.21.

38Elected [Tuesday] 6 June 1514 (LBM [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012] fo. 221r).

39Formerly a Brewer, translated to the Mercers 7 November 1521 (Beaven II.25).

40Spelled as Michael Wormer (sheriff) by Hughes p. 204.

41Mercer: LBO (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/014) fo. 263v; see also Mercers' MS Acts of Court 2 fo. 53v (the company is attending its own member as sheriff).

42Mercer: LBP (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/015) fo. 46r; also LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 236v, and Stow/K I.145; and see also Mercers' MS Acts of Court 2 fo. 80r (the company is attending its own member as sheriff).

43Mercer: LBP (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/015) fo. 167r; also LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 236v; see also Mercers' MS Acts of Court 2 fo. 117r-v (the company intended to attend its own member as sheriff).

44Mercer: LBP (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/015) fo. 194v; also LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 236v; see also Mercers' MS Acts of Court 2 fo. 128r (the company is attending its own member as sheriff).

45Elected Thursday, 17 April 1544 (Jor. 15 [LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/015) fo. 86r-v, LBQ (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/016) fo. 105r-v [Thursday, 27 April an error for Thursday, 17 April]); Monday, 21 April, to Westminster (LBQ fo. 105r).

46Thomas in LBR (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/017) fo. 205r and Jor. 16 (LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/016( fo. 201r, but John in Stow/K II.183 and in the Mercers' MS Acts of Court 2 fo. 262v.

47Mercer: LBR (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/017) fo. 205r (Thomas Maynarde); see also Mercers' MS Acts of Court 2 fo. 262v (the sheriff, John Maynard, is borrowing from his own company).

Note Sources

A Chronicle: A Chronicle of London from 1089 to 1483[, eds. Nicholas Nicolas and Edward Tyrrell]. London: Longman et al., 1827.

Annales Londonienses: Annales Londonienses, in Chronicles of the Reigns of Edward I. and Edward II., ed. William Stubbs. Rolls Series #76, vol. 1. London: HMSO, 1882. Pp. 1-251.

Calendar LB: Calendar of Letter-Books Preserved Among the Archives of the Corporation of the City of London at the Guildhall, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. 11 vols. (A-I, K-L). London: Corporation of London, 1889-1912.

CPMR: Calendar of Plea and Memoranda Rolls, ed. A.H. Thomas, vols. 1-4; ed. Philip E. Jones, vols. 5-6. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1924-61.

Mayors and Sheriffs: Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London A.D. 1188 to A.D. 1274, ed. and trans. Henry Thomas Riley. London: Trubner, 1863.

Wills: Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London A.D. 1258-A.D.1688, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. London: Corporation of London, 1889-90.

Beaven: Alfred B. Beaven, The Aldermen of the City of London, 2 vols. London: Corporation of London, 1908-13.

Brooke with Keir: Christopher N.L. Brooke with Gillian Keir, London 800-1216: The Shaping of a City. London: Secker and Warburg, 1975.

Ekwall: Two Early London Subsidy Rolls, ed. Eilert Ekwall. Lund: C.W.K. Gleerup, 1951.

Hughes: A. Hughes, Public Record Office: Lists and Indexes, #9. London: Public Record Office, 1898; rpt. 1963.

Jor.: Journal. Manuscript series at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LB: Letter Book. Manuscript series (from A onward) at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LMA MS: Manuscript at the London Metropolitan Archives, London.

Mercers' MS: Manuscript at Mercers' Hall, London.

Nightingale: Pamela Nightingale, A Medieval Mercantile Community: The Grocers Company and the Politics and Trade of London 1000-1485. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1995.

Reynolds: Susan Reynolds, "The Rulers of London in the Twelfth Century", History 57 (Feb. 1972), 337-57.

Stow/K: John Stow, A Survey of London, ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.

Williams: Gwyn A. Williams, Medieval London: From Commune to Capital. London: University of London, Athlone Press, 1963.

Notes About Company Names

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372; and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536. The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources. (See Companies / Occupations, on the site menu, for reference sources.)