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Company / Occupation: Draper

Year click to sort by year Name click to sort by name Office Company / Occupation
1190-91 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor 1 Draper (possibly) 2  
1191-92 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1192-93 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1193-94 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1194-95 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1195-96 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1196-97 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1197-98 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1198-99 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1199-1200 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1200-01 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1201-02 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1202-03 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1203-04 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1204-05 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1205-06 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1206-07 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1207-08 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1207-08 Hardel, William3
Sheriff Vintner (possibly), Draper (possibly) 4  
1208-09 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1209-10 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1210-11 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor Draper (possibly) 2  
1211-12 fitz-Ailwyn, Henry
Mayor (died 19 Sep. 1212 5 ) Draper (possibly) 2  
1215-16 Hardel, William3
Mayor Vintner (possibly), Draper (possibly) 4  
1234-35 Norman, John
Sheriff Draper (possibly) 6  
1237-38 Tulesan, John
[Tolosan]
Sheriff Draper  
1243-44 de Basing, Adam7
[Basing]
Sheriff Draper 8  
1247-48 9 Viel, William
Sheriff Draper (possibly) 10  
1249-50 11 Hardel, Ralph12
Sheriff Draper (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 13  
1249-50 11 Tulesan, John
[Tolosan]
Sheriff Draper  
1250-51 fitz-Richard, William
Sheriff Draper 14  
1250-51 Norman, John
Mayor Draper (possibly) 6  
1251-52 de Basing, Adam7
[Basing]
Mayor Draper 8  
1252-53 Tulesan, John
[Tolosan]
Mayor Draper  
1254-55 15 de Linton, Robert
Sheriff (until Feb. 1255 ) Draper 16  
1254-55 15 Hardel, Ralph12
Mayor Draper (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 13  
1255-56 17 Hardel, Ralph12
Mayor Draper (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 13  
1256-57 Ashwie, William
Sheriff Draper 18  
1256-57 Hardel, Ralph12
Mayor Draper (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 13  
1257-58 19 Adrien, John20
[Adrian]
Sheriff (from 1 to 13 Feb. 1258 ) Draper 21  
1257-58 19 fitz-Richard, William
Mayor (replaced Ralph Hardel 13 Feb. 1258 ) Draper 14  
1257-58 19 fitz-Thomas, Thomas
Sheriff (until 1 Feb. 1258 ) Draper 22  
1257-58 19 fitz-Thomas, Thomas
Sheriff (from 13 Feb. 1258 ) Draper 22  
1257-58 19 Hardel, Ralph12
Mayor (until 1 Feb. 1258 ) Draper (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 13  
1258-59 Adrien, John20
[Adrian]
Sheriff Draper 21  
1259-60 fitz-Richard, William
Mayor Draper 14  
1260-61 fitz-Richard, William
Mayor Draper 14  
1261-62 fitz-Thomas, Thomas
Mayor Draper 22  
1262-63 fitz-Thomas, Thomas
Mayor Draper 22  
1263-64 fitz-Thomas, Thomas
Mayor 23 Draper 22  
1264-65 fitz-Thomas, Thomas
Mayor Draper 22  
1264-65 le Blund, Edward
Sheriff Draper  
1265-66 Adrien, John20
[Adrian]
Sheriff (until 28 Nov. 1265? 24 ) Draper 21  
1265-66 fitz-Richard, William
Sheriff,Warden 25 (from 6 May to 11 Nov. 1266 26 ) Draper 14  
1266-67 Adrien, John20
[Adrian]
Sheriff (from 11 Nov. 27 ) Draper 21  
1267-68 28 Adrien, John20
[Adrian]
Sheriff (until 2 or 7 Apr. 1268 ) Draper 21  
1269-70 29 Adrien, John20
[Adrian]
Mayor (from 6 or 16-18 Jul. 1270 ) Draper 21  
1270-71 Adrien, John20
[Adrian]
Mayor Draper 21  
1277-78 Adrien, John30
[Adrian]
Sheriff Draper 31  
1282-83 de Betevile, Anketin
Sheriff Draper  
1284-85 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden (replaced mayor Gregory de Rokesle 32 ) Draper (possibly) 33  
1285-86 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden 34 Draper (possibly) 33  
1286-87 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden 34 Draper (possibly) 33  
1287-88 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden Draper (possibly) 33  
1288-89 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden 35 Draper (possibly) 33  
1289-90 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden 35 Draper (possibly) 33  
1290-91 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden 35 Draper (possibly) 33  
1291-92 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden 35 Draper (possibly) 33  
1292-93 de Sandwich, Ralph
Warden (until 12 Jun. 1293 36 ) Draper (possibly) 33  
1292-93 Russell, Elias
Sheriff 37 Draper  
1294-95 de Gloucester, Richard
Sheriff Draper 38  
1299-1300 de Armentiers, John
Sheriff Draper  
1299-1300 Russell, Elias
Mayor Draper  
1300-01 Russell, Elias
Mayor Draper  
1301-02 le Blund, John
Mayor Draper  
1302-03 le Blund, John
Mayor Draper  
1303-04 le Blund, John
Mayor Draper  
1304-05 de Lincoln, John
Sheriff Draper 39  
1304-05 le Blund, John
Mayor Draper  
1305-06 le Blund, John
Mayor Draper  
1305-06 Thunderley, Reginald
Sheriff Draper (possibly) 40  
1306-07 le Blund, John
Mayor Draper  
1307-08 le Blund, John
Mayor Draper  
1308-09 le Boteler, James
Sheriff Draper 41  
1310-11 de Blakeneye, Peter
Sheriff (died 1 Aug. 1311 42 ) Draper (possibly), Woolmonger (possibly) 43  
1311-12 de Welleford, Richard
Sheriff Hosier, Draper 44  
1312-13 de Welleford, Richard
Sheriff (died 23 Dec. 1312 45 ) Hosier, Draper 44  
1314-15 de Abyndon, Stephen
Sheriff Draper  
1315-16 de Abyndon, Stephen
Mayor Draper  
1319-20 de Abyndon, Simon
Sheriff Draper  
1321-22 Costantyn, Richard
Sheriff Draper  
1327-28 Darci, Henry
Sheriff Draper  
1329-30 de Swanlond, Simon
Mayor Draper  
1330-31 de Pulteney, John
Mayor Draper  
1331-32 de Pulteney, John
Mayor Draper  
1333-34 de Pulteney, John
Mayor Draper  
1335-36 de Uptone, Ralph
Sheriff Draper  
1336-37 de Pulteney, John
Mayor Draper  
1337-38 Darci, Henry
Mayor Draper  
1338-39 Darci, Henry
Mayor Draper  
1338-39 Marberer, Hugh
Sheriff Draper (possibly) 46  
1341-42 de Berkynge, Richard
Sheriff Draper  
1342-43 de Kislingbury, Richard
Sheriff Draper  
1350-51 de Kislingbury, Richard
Mayor Draper  
1353-54 de Welde, William
Sheriff Draper  
1357-58 Cavendisshe, Stephen
[Caundisshe]
Sheriff Draper  
1358-59 Buris, John
Sheriff Draper 47  
1359-60 de Benyngton, Simon48
Sheriff Draper 49  
1361-62 Holbech, William
Sheriff Draper  
1362-63 Andreu, James
Sheriff Draper  
1362-63 Cavendisshe, Stephen
[Caundisshe]
Mayor Draper  
1364-65 de Mytford, John
Sheriff Draper  
1367-68 Andreu, James
Mayor Draper  
1376-77 (Comberton) de Northampton, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper 50  
1381-82 (Comberton) de Northampton, John
Mayor Draper 50  
1381-82 Heende, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1382-83 (Comberton) de Northampton, John
Mayor Draper 50  
1389-90 Walcote, John
Sheriff Draper  
1391-92 51 Heende, John
Mayor (until 25 Jun. 1392 ) Draper  
1400-01 Evote, William
Sheriff Draper  
1402-03 Walcote, John
Mayor Draper  
1404-05 Heende, John
Mayor Draper  
1405-06 Crowmere, William
Sheriff Draper  
1406-07 Wotton, Nicholas
Sheriff Draper  
1408-09 Norton, William
Sheriff Draper  
1410-11 Pyke, Thomas
Sheriff Draper  
1412-13 Lobenham, Ralph
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1413-14 Crowmere, William
Mayor Draper  
1415-16 Wotton, Nicholas
Mayor Draper  
1417-18 Gedney, John
Sheriff Draper  
1419-20 Whytingham, Robert
Sheriff Draper  
1420-21 Boteler, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper 52  
1421-22 Weston, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper 53  
1422-23 Tatersale, Robert
Sheriff Draper  
1423-24 Crowmere, William
Mayor Draper  
1425-26 Brokle, John
Sheriff Draper  
1426-27 Higham, John
Sheriff Draper 54  
1427-28 Gedney, John
Mayor Draper  
1429-30 Holland, Ralph
Sheriff Tailor, Draper 55  
1430-31 Chertsey, Walter
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper 56  
1430-31 Wotton, Nicholas
Mayor Draper  
1433-34 Brokle, John
Mayor Draper  
1433-34 Lynge, John
Sheriff Draper 57  
1434-35 Eyre, Simon
Sheriff Draper  
1435-36 Clopton, Robert
Sheriff Draper  
1438-39 Yoo, Nicholas
Sheriff Draper  
1439-40 Malpas, Philip
Sheriff Draper  
1441-42 Clopton, Robert
Mayor Draper  
1443-44 Norman, John
Sheriff Draper  
1445-46 Derby, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Tailor, Draper 58  
1445-46 Eyre, Simon
Mayor Draper  
1447-48 Gedney, John
Mayor Draper  
1447-48 Scott, Thomas
Sheriff Draper  
1453-54 Cook, Thomas
Sheriff 59 Draper  
1453-54 Norman, John
Mayor Draper  
1458-59 Josselyn, Ralph
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1458-59 Scott, Thomas
Mayor Draper  
1459-60 Stokker, John60
Sheriff Draper  
1462-63 Cook, Thomas
Mayor Draper  
1462-63 James, Bartholomew
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1464-65 Josselyn, Ralph
Mayor Draper  
1465-66 Waver, Henry
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1467-68 Stalbrook, Thomas
Sheriff 61 (chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1468-69 Haryot, William
Sheriff Draper  
1469-70 Drope, Robert
Sheriff Draper  
1473-74 Stokker, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1474-75 Drope, Robert
Mayor Draper  
1476-77 Josselyn, Ralph
Mayor Draper  
1477-78 Stokker, John62
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1479-80 James, Bartholomew
Mayor Draper  
1481-82 Haryot, William
Mayor Draper  
1482-83 White, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1484-85 Stokker, William
Mayor (replaced Thomas Hill; died 28 Sep. 1485 63 ) Draper  
1487-88 Fenkyll, John
[Fynkell]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1488-89 Isaak, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1489-90 Capel, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1489-90 White, William
Mayor Draper  
1493-94 Fabyan, Robert
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1501-02 Aylmer, Lawrence
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1503-04 Capel, William
Mayor Draper  
1503-04 Watts, Robert
Sheriff (died Nov. 1503 64 ) Draper 65  
1504-05 Acheley, Roger
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1505-06 Shore, Richard
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1507-08 Aylmer, Lawrence
Mayor (replaced William Browne 66 ) Draper  
1509-10 Capel, William
Mayor (replaced Thomas Bradbury 67 ) Draper  
1509-10 Monoux, George
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1510-11 Milborne, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1511-12 Acheley, Roger
Mayor Draper  
1513-14 Brugge, John
[Bruges]
Sheriff 68 Draper  
1514-15 Monoux, George
Mayor Draper  
1515-16 Bayley, William
Sheriff (replaced Richard Grey 69 ) Draper  
1519-20 Wylkynson, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1520-21 Brugge, John
[Bruges]
Mayor Draper  
1521-22 Milborne, John
Mayor Draper  
1522-23 Rudstone, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1524-25 Bayley, William
Mayor Draper  
1524-25 Roche, William
Sheriff Draper  
1525-26 Ascue, Christopher
Sheriff Draper  
1528-29 Rudstone, John
Mayor Draper  
1529-30 Champyon, Walter
Sheriff Draper  
1533-34 Ascue, Christopher
Mayor Draper  
1535-36 Monmouth, Humphrey
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1536-37 Bowyer, William
Sheriff Draper  
1540-41 Roche, William
Mayor Draper  
1543-44 Bowyer, William
Mayor (died 13 Apr. 1544 70 ) Draper  
1551-52 Lambarde, John
[Lamberd]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper  
1554-55 Chester, William
Sheriff Draper  
1558-59 Champyon, Richard
Sheriff Draper  

Notes

(Any abbreviated sources are listed in full below the notes.)

1Tallow Chandler: Caroline Barron (personal card file at the former Corporation of London Records Office) identifies Steward as a Chandler. A John Steward was master of the Tallow Chandlers in June 1467 and in December 1472 (see Randall Monier-Williams, The Tallow Chandlers of London III [London: Kaye and Ward, 1973] p. 53), and was also a company benefactor; and for a John Styward, Chandler, in an October 1455 record, see Jor. 5 (LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/005) fo. 267v, and also (in 1460) CPMR 6 (1458-82) p. 155 (Tallow Chandler).

2Fitz-Ailwyn has traditionally been identified as a Draper, but without sufficient evidence; see Beaven II.225 and also A.H. Johnson, The History of The Worshipful Company of the Drapers of London, 5 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1914-22), I.75 n. 1.

3Reynolds pp. 356-57 identifies the 1207-08 sheriff William Hardel and the 1215-16 mayor as the same individual, and suggests that this is the father of Ralph Hardel mayor 1254-55.

4Williams p. 54 speaks of the 1215-16 mayor William Hardel, who is the same individual as the 1207-08 sheriff, in terms of a Vintner family dynasty; A Chronicle p. 8 calls the 1215-16 mayor a Draper.

5Stow/K II.152 n. 4.

6Draper?: see Williams p. 61.

7Or, as sheriff 1243-44, Adam de Giseburne: Stow/K II.155 n. 12, Mayors and Sheriffs p. 10.

8Draper: Williams p. 323.

9According to Mayors and Sheriffs p. 15, the city was briefly put by the king into the hands of William de Haverille and Edward de Westminster, 23 August to 6 September 1248.

10Draper? see Williams p. 61.

11In this year, 18-24 May 1250, the city was in the king's hands: see Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 17-18.

12Possibly the son of William Hardel, sheriff 1207-08 and mayor 1215-16 (see Reynolds pp. 356-57).

13Draper: Beaven I.372; Vintner: Williams p. 209.

14Draper: Williams p. 61. Beaven I.372 identifies the 1250-51 sheriff William fitz-Richard and the 1257-58 and 1259-61 mayor, and the 1265-66 warden, as the same individual. See also Annales Londonienses p. 45. 'Le Prestre' (the priest) in Mayors and Sheriffs p. 19.

15Ralph Hardel, according to Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 22-23, did not immediately become mayor, because the city was taken into the king's hands (under John Gisors) until 19 November. Sheriffs William Eswy and Robert de Linton, temporarily out of office also with Hardel (Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 22-23), were removed in February 1255 for neglect involving the gaols and were replaced by Henry de Walemunt and Stephen de Oystergate: see Stow/K II.156 n. 10, and Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 23-24.

16Draper: A Chronicle p. 18.

17The city was briefly in the king's hands in November: see Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 24-25.

18'Drapparius': Stow/K II.156 n. 15; Mayors and Sheriffs p. 25.

19For the details of removals and replacements, and one death, during 1257-58, see Stow/K II.157 n. 1. An appointed warden served between mayors Ralph Hardel and William fitz-Richard. Beaven II.xxxix, however, gives sheriff Robert de Cateloigne's death as in December 1257, and Mayors and Sheriffs p. 31 gives 14 December, while Stow/K gives 19 October 1257 as the date upon which Matthew Bukerel succeeded Cateloigne. Beaven I.373 lists Thomas fitz-Thomas as sheriff only in 1258. See also Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 33-39.

20Father of John Adrien sheriff 1277-78 (Beaven I.236 and 405-06).

21Draper: Beaven I.373. Vintner: Stow/K II.158 (when mayor in 1270-71).

22Draper: Williams p. 216.

23Not admitted by the king but nevertheless remained in office for the year (Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 62, 74).

24Beaven I.374 lists Gregory de Rokesle and Simon de Hadestok as sheriffs in 1265, not specifying whether in the 1264-65 or the 1265-66 sheriffs' year. This would be a second time for Rokesle as sheriff (see 1263-64). Mayors and Sheriffs p. 81 places them under 1265-66 and states that they were not admitted; an explanatory note is provided. John Adrien and Walter Hervi became sheriffs, with Hugh fitz-Otho as warden; see Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 81-84. Stow/K II.157 provides the 28 November date given here for Adrien and Hervi.

25Sheriff and/or Warden.

26Stow/K II.157 n. 10 states fitz-Richard was sheriff 6 May to 11 November 1266; Hughes p. 201 also lists him as sheriff; Beaven I.372 lists him as warden in 1266. Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 89-90 places fitz-Richard's election--as both warden and sheriff--and Guildhall oath-taking on Ascension Day 1266/ the Feast of 'Saint John Port Latin' [6 May] and a St. Paul's presentation to the Exchequer barons on 7 May (pp. 90-91).

27Stow/K II.158 n. 1 (following Mayors and Sheriffs p. 93) gives the 11 November 1266 date for the start of John Adrien's and Lucas de Batencourt's 1266-67 terms (the same date given for the end of William fitz-Richard's in this database, under 1265-66); Hughes p. 201 gives 12 November for Adrien and Batencourt. See n. to William fitz-Richard sheriff and/or warden 1265-66. Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 95-96 states that Robert de Lintone and Roger Marshal were elected as sheriffs by the people after Easter [17 April] 1267, and Richard de Culeworth by the Earl of Gloucester, and that (p. 97) Adrien and Batencourt were restored c. 18 June.

28The various 1267-68 replacements of sheriffs and the warden, including dates, are noted in Stow/K II.158 nn. 3 and 4 and, for the sheriffs only, in Hughes p. 201; but Stow/K's (and also Hughes's) 7 April is 2 April in Mayors and Sheriffs p. 106.

29Replacements of sheriffs and the warden, effective 6 July (the date also used by Hughes p. 201), are listed in Stow/K II.158 n. 7; but see also Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 120 and 129-30 (new mayor and sheriffs chosen at the beginning of June; mayor presented to king and admitted 16 July, sworn before king 18 July; sheriffs presented and admitted at Exchequer 18 July). Beaven on I.235 lists Walter le Poter as sheriff 1270-71, but on I.375 as sheriff only in 1270.

30Son of John Adrien sheriff 1257-58 (in 1258 only), 1258-59, 1265-66 (in 1265 only), 1266-68, mayor 1269-70 (in 1270 only), 1270-71. See Beaven I.236, 373, and 405-06.

31His father was an alderman and Draper: see Beaven I.373 and 405-06; see, e.g., LBA (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/001) fos. 6r, 7r, 29v, and 108r.

32LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 232r, and Calendar LBF p. 281 n. 5.

33Draper according to A Chronicle p. 32.

34LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 232r states that Sandwich was warden until 3 February 1286, when he was replaced by John le Breton until 20 July 1287 (and see also Calendar LBF p. 281 and n. 5 [first part]); but Stow/K II.160 lists Sandwich as warden until 1288-89; and see also Calendar LBF p. 281 n. 5 (second part), and Stow/K II.385 n. to II.160 line 19.

35Stow/K II.385 provides a long note (to II.160 line 19): that in [BL] Cotton MS. Julius B.II and in LBF [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006, fo. 232r] Ralph de Sandwich is said to have been custos [i.e., warden] until the day after [12 June] St. Barnabas Apostle, 1294, but that in the Liber Custumarum Sandwich is said to have been removed before the Feast of the Purification [2 February] 1289, with Ralph de Berners [Barnauars, Stow/K II.160] appointed in his place, and then in turn replaced as warden within a few days by John le Breton. Then in 19 Edward I [20 November 1290 to 19 November 1291] Sandwich was reinstated: around the feast of St. Margaret [20 July 1291], according to the Liber Custumarum. (Both Sandwich and le Breton are here spelled as in Beaven, although in his three uses of the name le Breton Beaven I.370 once uses the form 'de Breton'.) Annales Londonienses pp. 96-97 has Sandwich first deposed as Constable of the Tower before 2 February 1289, with Berners replacing him there, and then replaced as warden of the city by le Breton the Monday after 2 February, with both Berners and le Breton removed and Sandwich reinstated as Constable [and presumably also as warden?] c. 20 July 1289. Sandwich is then again listed as warden, with Soloman le Coteler and Fulk St. Edmond as sheriffs, in 1290. A handlist of mayors from the former Corporation of London Records Office, dating from the late 1970s or earlier (personal acquisition c. 1977-78), lists Sandwich as warden 1285-89 and 1289-92, and le Breton as mayor in 1289. It also indicates that le Breton's 1289 mayoralty was his second (and see n. to Sandwich warden 1285-86), although his name does not appear on the list earlier; but it then repeats the second-time designation for le Breton as warden in 1293-98.

36LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 232r (under Anno 15) states that Ralph de Sandwich's wardenship ceased on 12 June 1294; and Stow/K II.160-161 lists Sandwich as warden for 1292-93 and 1293-94 (with a note incorrectly citing LBF for John le Breton as becoming warden on 11 June 1294). But elsewhere (see LBF fo. 232r under Anno 21, and Calendar LBF p. 282 n. 5) the ending year given for Sandwich is 21 Edward I [20 November 1292 to 19 November 1293]; and in LBA (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/001) le Breton is named as warden in all of late June 1293, July 1293, and March 1294 (fos. 87v, 88r, 96v). (A handlist of mayors from the former Corporation of London Records Office, dating from the late 1970s or earlier (personal acquisition c. 1977-78), also gives le Breton as warden 1293-98.)

37Hughes p. 201 lists both Henry le Bole and Elias Russell as appointed sheriff 27 May 1293 by the Chancellor of the Exchequer; but LBC (LOMA MS: COL/AD/01/003) fo. 4v records their election in September 1392. Both Stow/K II.160 and Beaven I.377 also list both as sheriffs 1292-93.

38Draper: Beaven II.227 (in the Addenda and Corrigenda for I.378).

39Beaven II.227 notes that Lincoln is called a Vintner in the Liber de Antiquis Legibus; see Mayors and Sheriffs p. 222.

40A Reginald de Thunderle, wealthy 'immigrant draper,' is mentioned by Williams p. 113 but without further identification; see also Ekwall p. 167 # 67.

41Draper: Mayors and Sheriffs (Additions) p. 213, Ekwall p. 168 # 81.

42LBD (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/004) fo. 2v.

43Draper: A Chronicle p. 43; Woolmonger: Mayors and Sheriffs (Additions) p. 214.

44Draper and Hosier: Ekwall p. 179 # 45.

45LBD (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/004) fo. 3r; Beaven II.xxxix says 28 December.

46Perhaps a Draper. A Hugh le Marberer, Draper, in 1337 along with other Londoners lent a very large sum of money to the city for presents to royalty, etc.; see LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 4v.

47Draper: LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 233r.

48Or Simon de Bedyngton: see Beaven I.286, where Beaven also states the correct form to be 'almost certainly' Benyngton.

49Draper: LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 233r; also Beaven I.267 (Simon de Bedyngton; see also I.286).

50Draper: Beaven I.391; Draper or Skinner: Stow/K II.168 (for the 1382-83 mayoralty only).

51All three originally elected officers for 1391-92--mayor John Heende, sheriff John Shadworth, and sheriff Henry Vanner--were deprived of office 25 June 1392 and imprisoned for a short time: see LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/06) fo. 233v, LBH (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/008) fo. 270v, Calendar LBF pp. 289-90 and n. 2, and Beaven I.401. Appointed by the king in their places were sheriffs Gilbert Maghfeld and Thomas Newenton (Letters Patent 25 June, sworn 1 July: LBH fo. 270v) and, as warden, first Edward Dalyngregge (Letters Patent 25 June, sworn 1 July: LBH fo. 270v), and then Baldwin de Radyngton (Letters Patent 22 July: LBH fo. 273v). See also LBF fo. 233v. According to Calendar LBH p. 379 n. 1 (citing Higden), during the interval between the removal of Heende and the appointment of Dalyngregge, the city was ruled by William Staundon.

52Draper: see Beaven II.6 n. 12; also Stow/K I.235 and LBI (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/009) fo. 254r, and CPMR 4 (1413-37) p. 109 (Draper and sheriff, 1421). (Not the John Botiler who was a Mercer and 1419-20 sheriff.) A John Botiller appears in the early parts of the Drapers' earliest extant accounts, Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140).

53Draper: LBI (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/009) fo. 270r (John Weston); see also Beaven I.287 and 270. A William Weston appears frequently, as a warden and otherwise, in Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140).

54Draper: LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 39v; see also Beaven I.287 and 271. A John Higham appears, as a warden and otherwise, in the Drapers' earliest extant accounts, Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140), passim.

55Draper: Stow/K I.253; but see Merchant Taylors' GL MS 34048/1 fo. 211r (new MS #: CLC/L/MD/D/003/MS34038/001; expenses for a Tailor sheriff in 1429). For Holland's membership in both companies, see Caroline M. Barron, 'Ralph Holland and the London Radicals,' rpt. in eds. Richard Holt and Gervase Rosser, The Medieval Town: A Reader in English Urban History 1200-1540 (New York: Longman, 1990) pp. 162-63. His name appears a number of times in the Drapers' earliest extant accounts, Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140), passim.

56Draper: Stow/K II.173; and a Walter Chertsey, Draper, also appears in the early parts of the Drapers' earliest extant accounts, Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140), and in CPMR 4 (1413-37) pp. 102 (1421), 145 (1422), 171 (1424), 260 (1431), 276-77(1435).

57See Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140) fos. A1r, D2v, G1v, and G2v (the company pays oath-taking expenses for Lynge as a Draper sheriff).

58Beaven I.330 n.2 notes that Derby is described in his will (1479) as a Draper [see Wills II.579-80] but that he appears to be identical to the John Derby who was master of the Tailors and Linen Armourers in 1461-62. See also Beaven I.82 and 345, and II.9. In LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 283v Derby is identified as a Draper, and also in Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140), passim. Caroline M. Barron, 'Ralph Holland and the London Radicals,' rpt. in eds. Richard Holt and Gervase Rosser, The Medieval Town: A Reader in English Urban History 1200-1540 (New York: Longman, 1990) p. 162 n. 8 cites Derby as unusually both a Draper and a Tailor. Cf. 1429-30 sheriff Holland and 1437-38 sheriff Chapman.

59Thomas Cook, Junior: LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 274r.

60Not the same individual as John Stokker sheriff 1477-78 (see Beaven II.11 and 15).

61Nicholas Marchall (Ironmonger) is listed as sheriff 1467-68 by Beaven II.12, but is not named as sheriff in any of Stow/K, Hughes, LBL (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011), or Jor. 7 (LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/007). In the Ironmongers' mid-15th century accounts (in GL MS 16988/1 [new MS #: CLC/L/IB/D/001/MS16988/001]) he is a prominent company member, and a warden in both 1455-58 and the early 1460s. The accounts contain no reference to him as sheriff and no unusual expenses such as might be incurred for a company sheriff. Beaven II. 12-13 also lists both Humphrey Hayford and Thomas Stalbrook as sheriffs 1467-68.

62Not the same individual as John Stokker sheriff 1459-60 (see Beaven II.11 and 15).

63Beaven II.14. Elected and sworn Guildhall [Saturday] 24 September 1485, to Tower Monday, 26 September (LBL [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011] fo. 212v).

64LBM (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012) fo. 82v. LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 235r gives 9 November.

65Draper: LBM (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012) fo. 78v; also LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 235r; and see Beaven I.199, 3, 109. The Drapers pay for trumpeters (and their hats, etc.) for him as a Draper sheriff (Drapers' MS WA2 fo. 77r [formerly MS +403]); and he was a company warden in 1494-95 (fo. 58v).

66Elected and sworn Guildhall Monday, 27 March 1508, to Tower Wednesday, 29 March (LBM [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012] fo. 142r).

67Elected [Saturday] 12 January 1510 (LBM [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012] fos. 166v-167v).

68John Bridges: Stow/K II.180 (alternate spellings 'Brugges' and 'Bruge' also given). But Stow/K uses 'Brugge' (II.181) when this sheriff becomes mayor in 1520.

69Elected Monday, 22 October 1515, sworn Guildhall Saturday, 27 October, to Westminster Monday, 29 October--with mayor (LBM [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012] fo. 255v and LBF [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006] fo. 235v; Rep. 3 [LMA MS: COL/CA/01/01/003] fos. 52v-53r, 55r).

70Beaven II.28.

Note Sources

A Chronicle: A Chronicle of London from 1089 to 1483[, eds. Nicholas Nicolas and Edward Tyrrell]. London: Longman et al., 1827.

Annales Londonienses: Annales Londonienses, in Chronicles of the Reigns of Edward I. and Edward II., ed. William Stubbs. Rolls Series #76, vol. 1. London: HMSO, 1882. Pp. 1-251.

Calendar LB: Calendar of Letter-Books Preserved Among the Archives of the Corporation of the City of London at the Guildhall, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. 11 vols. (A-I, K-L). London: Corporation of London, 1889-1912.

CPMR: Calendar of Plea and Memoranda Rolls, ed. A.H. Thomas, vols. 1-4; ed. Philip E. Jones, vols. 5-6. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1924-61.

Liber Custumarum: Liber Custumarum, in Munimenta Gildhallae Londoniensis, ed. Henry Thomas Riley, II.1. Rolls Series #12. London: HMSO, 1860; rpt. Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus, 1967.

Liber de Antiquis Legibus: The relevant parts of Liber de Antiquis Legibus, other than Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London, have been consulted in Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London A.D. 1188 to A.D. 1274, ed. and trans. Henry Thomas Riley (London: Trubner, 1863), and are cited as Mayors and Sheriffs (Additions).

Mayors and Sheriffs: Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London A.D. 1188 to A.D. 1274, ed. and trans. Henry Thomas Riley. London: Trubner, 1863.

Mayors and Sheriffs (Additions): Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London A.D. 1188 to A.D. 1274, ed. and trans. Henry Thomas Riley. London: Trubner, 1863. Additional material from Liber de Antiquis Legibus.

Wills: Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London A.D. 1258-A.D.1688, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. London: Corporation of London, 1889-90.

Beaven: Alfred B. Beaven, The Aldermen of the City of London, 2 vols. London: Corporation of London, 1908-13.

Drapers' MS: Manuscript at Drapers' Hall, London.

Ekwall: Two Early London Subsidy Rolls, ed. Eilert Ekwall. Lund: C.W.K. Gleerup, 1951.

GL MS: Manuscript at the Guildhall Library, London.

Hughes: A. Hughes, Public Record Office: Lists and Indexes, #9. London: Public Record Office, 1898; rpt. 1963.

Jor.: Journal. Manuscript series at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LB: Letter Book. Manuscript series (from A onward) at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LMA MS: Manuscript at the London Metropolitan Archives, London.

Rep.: Repertory. Manuscript series at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

Reynolds: Susan Reynolds, "The Rulers of London in the Twelfth Century", History 57 (Feb. 1972), 337-57.

Stow/K: John Stow, A Survey of London, ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.

Williams: Gwyn A. Williams, Medieval London: From Commune to Capital. London: University of London, Athlone Press, 1963.

Notes About Company Names

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372; and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536. The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources. (See Companies / Occupations, on the site menu, for reference sources.)