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Company / Occupation: Pepperer

Year click to sort by year Name click to sort by name Office Company / Occupation
1223-24 Bukerel, Andrew
Sheriff Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1224-25 Bukerel, Andrew
Sheriff Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1231-32 Bukerel, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1232-33 Bukerel, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1233-34 Bukerel, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1234-35 Bukerel, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1235-36 Bukerel, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1236-37 Bukerel, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1237-38 Bukerel, Andrew
Mayor (died 1237 2 ) Pepperer (possibly) 1  
1240-41 Gisors, John
Sheriff Pepperer (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 3  
1245-46 4 Gisors, John
Mayor (from 11 or 12 Jan. 1246 ) Pepperer (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 3  
1245-46 4 Gisors, John
Sheriff (replaced Nicholas Bat until 11 or 12 Jan. 1246 ) Pepperer (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 3  
1257-58 5 Grapefige, William
Sheriff (from 13 Feb. 1258 ) Pepperer 6  
1258-59 Gisors, John
Mayor Pepperer (possibly), Vintner (possibly) 3  
1261-62 de Walebrook, Richard
[Walebrock]
Sheriff Pepperer 7  
1272-73 Frowike, Henry
Warden (from 11 to c. 18 Nov. 1272 8 ) Pepperer 9  
1274-75 de Frowyk, Henry10
Sheriff Pepperer  
1278-79 le Mazeliner, William
Sheriff Pepperer  
1281-82 le Mazeliner, William
Sheriff Pepperer  
1287-88 de Hereford, William
Sheriff Goldsmith (possibly), Pepperer (possibly) 11  
1288-89 de Betoyne, William
Sheriff Goldsmith (possibly), Mercer (possibly), Pepperer (possibly) 12  
1288-89 de Canterbury, John
Sheriff Blader (possibly), Pepperer (possibly) 13  
1290-91 de Leyre, William
Sheriff Pepperer  
1290-91 Romeyn, Thomas
Sheriff Pepperer  
1297-98 de Storteford, William
Sheriff Pepperer 14  
1303-04 de Bureford, John
Sheriff Pepperer  
1309-10 Romeyn, Thomas
Mayor Pepperer  
1310-11 Corp, Simon
Sheriff Pepperer  
1311-12 de Gisors, John
Mayor Pepperer  
1312-13 de Gisors, John
Mayor Pepperer  
1314-15 de Gisors, John
Mayor Pepperer  
1316-17 Belancer, Ralph
Sheriff Pepperer 15  
1317-18 Furneis, William
Sheriff Pepperer 16  
1322-23 de Grantham, John
Sheriff Pepperer  
1323-24 de Salisbury, Adam
Sheriff Pepperer  
1324-25 de Folesham, Benedict
Sheriff Pepperer  
1326-27 de Betoyne, Richard
Mayor (replaced Hamo de Chigwell 17 ) Pepperer 18  
1328-29 de Grantham, John
Mayor Pepperer  
1330-31 Harewolde, Thomas
[Harrewode]
Sheriff Pepperer (possibly) 19  
1331-32 Aubrey, Andrew
Sheriff Pepperer  
1333-34 Hamond, John
Sheriff Pepperer  
1339-40 Aubrey, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer  
1339-40 de Thorneye, William
Sheriff Pepperer  
1340-41 Aubrey, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer  
1341-42 de Rokele, John
Sheriff Corder (possibly), Pepperer (possibly) 20  
1343-44 Hamond, John
Mayor Pepperer  
1344-45 Hamond, John
Mayor Pepperer  
1348-49 Dolseley, Simon
Sheriff Pepperer  
1350-51 Nott, John
Sheriff Pepperer  
1351-52 Aubrey, Andrew
Mayor Pepperer  
1356-57 Dolseley, Thomas
Sheriff Pepperer  
1357-58 de Frestlyng, Bartholomew
Sheriff Pepperer 21  
1359-60 Dolseley, Simon
Mayor Pepperer  
1363-64 Nott, John
Mayor Pepperer  
1366-67 Warde, John
Sheriff Pepperer 22  
1371-72 Hatfield, Robert
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Pepperer  
1375-76 Warde, John
Mayor Pepperer 22  

Notes

(Any abbreviated sources are listed in full below the notes.)

1Andrew Bukerel's traditional identification as a Pepperer (see Beaven I.371) has been denied by Nightingale p. 47.

2Beaven I.371.

3Pepperer: Beaven I.372, Williams pp. 68 and 325; Vintner: Nightingale pp. 126 and 620 (index). Nightingale p. 47 states there is no evidence for the traditional association of the Gisors family with the Pepperers. She associates the family with the wine trade.

4Stow/K II.155 n. 16: Michael Tovi was elected mayor (and Beaven I.372 lists him as mayor 1244-46, although only 1244-45 at I.374 n. 3) but the king refused to admit him and John Gisors was sworn in his place on 12 January 1246 [11 January, Mayors and Sheriffs p. 16]; Nicholas Bat was chosen sheriff but rejected [14 December, Mayors and Sheriffs p. 12], and was succeeded first by John Gisors and then by Robert de Cornhill. See Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 12-13.

5For the details of removals and replacements, and one death, during 1257-58, see Stow/K II.157 n. 1. An appointed warden served between mayors Ralph Hardel and William fitz-Richard. Beaven II.xxxix, however, gives sheriff Robert de Cateloigne's death as in December 1257, and Mayors and Sheriffs p. 31 gives 14 December, while Stow/K gives 19 October 1257 as the date upon which Matthew Bukerel succeeded Cateloigne. Beaven I.373 lists Thomas fitz-Thomas as sheriff only in 1258. See also Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 33-39.

6Pepperer: Williams pp. 220 and 244; and see also Nightingale p. 77 (though she has Grapefige as sheriff in 1252).

7Pepperer: Nightingale p. 77.

8Stow/K II.159 n. 2 (10 November to 13 January); Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 153-60. Walter Hervi's election as mayor was disputed for a time, as the aldermen wanted Philip le Taillour.

9Pepperer: Stow/K II.159; but not in Nightingale. This wardenship is not listed in Beaven as a position held by the 1274-75 Pepperer sheriff Henry de Frowyk.

10See also Henry Frowike, warden 1272-73.

11Goldsmith: Beaven I.225, 377; but Nightingale p. 95 identifies him as a Pepperer.

12Pepperer (Beaven I.338), Goldsmith (Beaven I.189); neither in Beaven's chronological listing I.377; Pepperer, Mercer, or Goldsmith: Ekwall p. 147; and see Nightingale pp. 93, 109-10, 121 (William de Bethune, Mercer).

13Blader or Pepperer: Beaven I.197 (Blader), 338 (Pepperer), 377 (Blader or Pepperer[?]); Nightingale p. 95 identifies him as a Pepperer.

14Pepperer: Ekwall p. 176 # 6.

15Pepperer: Nightingale p. 137.

16Pepperer: LBD (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/004) fo. 5r (William de Fourneys); Stow/K II.163 lists W. Furneis and no company identification.

17Calendar LBE, p. 214 n. 1.

18Beaven I.382 n. 7c says he was a Pepperer in 1316, and so lists him as such (but as a Goldsmith at I.343, though see also I.411); but Stow/K II.164 lists him as a Goldsmith--as which, Beaven says, he is generally described. For Pepperer see Nightingale (Richard de Bethune), e.g., p. 121 (and see index).

19A Thomas de Horewold is listed as a Grocer (i.e., before 1372, a Pepperer), with one other, c. 1328 in LBE (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/005) fo. 190r. See also Nightingale pp. 176, 197, and 161 n. 2.

20Corder (?Pepperer): Beaven I.386; for Pepperer see also French Chronicle p. 289. Nightingale (spelling his name Rokesley) states p. 89 that he remained a Roper, although several other Ropers joined with the Pepperers in the 1340s.

21Nightingale states (see, e.g., p. 205) that he began as a Roper.

22The Pepperers became the Grocers in 1372; Warde is a Grocer when mayor in 1375-76.

Note Sources

Calendar LB: Calendar of Letter-Books Preserved Among the Archives of the Corporation of the City of London at the Guildhall, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. 11 vols. (A-I, K-L). London: Corporation of London, 1889-1912.

French Chronicle: The French Chronicle of London, in Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London A.D. 1188 to A.D. 1274, ed. and trans. Henry Thomas Riley. London: Trubner, 1863. Pp. 229-95.

Mayors and Sheriffs: Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London A.D. 1188 to A.D. 1274, ed. and trans. Henry Thomas Riley. London: Trubner, 1863.

Beaven: Alfred B. Beaven, The Aldermen of the City of London, 2 vols. London: Corporation of London, 1908-13.

Ekwall: Two Early London Subsidy Rolls, ed. Eilert Ekwall. Lund: C.W.K. Gleerup, 1951.

LB: Letter Book. Manuscript series (from A onward) at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LMA MS: Manuscript at the London Metropolitan Archives, London.

Nightingale: Pamela Nightingale, A Medieval Mercantile Community: The Grocers Company and the Politics and Trade of London 1000-1485. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1995.

Stow/K: John Stow, A Survey of London, ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.

Williams: Gwyn A. Williams, Medieval London: From Commune to Capital. London: University of London, Athlone Press, 1963.

Notes About Company Names

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372; and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536. The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources. (See Companies / Occupations, on the site menu, for reference sources.)