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Company / Occupation: Ironmonger

Year click to sort by year Name click to sort by name Office Company / Occupation
1360-61 Denis, John
Sheriff Ironmonger 1  
1367-68 Dikeman, William
Sheriff Ironmonger 2  
1391-92 3 Maghfeld, Gilbert
Sheriff (replaced John Shadworth or Henry Vanner ) Ironmonger  
1392-93 Maghfeld, Gilbert
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Ironmonger  
1398-99 Warner, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Ironmonger  
1402-03 Merlawe, Richard
Sheriff Fishmonger (possibly), Ironmonger 4  
1409-10 Merlawe, Richard
Mayor Fishmonger (possibly), Ironmonger 4  
1417-18 Merlawe, Richard
Mayor Fishmonger (possibly), Ironmonger 4  
1421-22 Gosselyn, Richard
Sheriff Ironmonger  
1431-32 Hatherle, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Ironmonger  
1442-43 Hatherle, John
Mayor Ironmonger  
1460-61 Flemyng, Richard
Sheriff Ironmonger  
1478-79 Byfeld, Robert
Sheriff Ironmonger 5  
1484-85 Breteyn, Thomas
Sheriff (chosen by Mayor; died c. Sep. 1485 6 ) Ironmonger  
1501-02 Hede, Henry
Sheriff Ironmonger 7  
1515-16 Grey, Richard
Sheriff (died 20 Oct. 1515 8 ) Ironmonger  
1534-35 Denham, William
Sheriff Ironmonger  
1537-38 Lewen, Thomas
Sheriff Ironmonger  


(Any abbreviated sources are listed in full below the notes.)

1Ironmonger: LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 233r.

2Ironmonger: Stow/K I.281.

3All three originally elected officers for 1391-92--mayor John Heende, sheriff John Shadworth, and sheriff Henry Vanner--were deprived of office 25 June 1392 and imprisoned for a short time: see LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/06) fo. 233v, LBH (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/008) fo. 270v, Calendar LBF pp. 289-90 and n. 2, and Beaven I.401. Appointed by the king in their places were sheriffs Gilbert Maghfeld and Thomas Newenton (Letters Patent 25 June, sworn 1 July: LBH fo. 270v) and, as warden, first Edward Dalyngregge (Letters Patent 25 June, sworn 1 July: LBH fo. 270v), and then Baldwin de Radyngton (Letters Patent 22 July: LBH fo. 273v). See also LBF fo. 233v. According to Calendar LBH p. 379 n. 1 (citing Higden), during the interval between the removal of Heende and the appointment of Dalyngregge, the city was ruled by William Staundon.

4Beaven I.234 notes that Merlawe appears to have been both an Ironmonger and a Fishmonger (and incorrectly states that he is described as an Ironmonger in the LBI notice [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/009, fo. 204] of his election to the mayoralty in 1417). Merlawe is an Ironmonger as both sheriff and (twice) mayor in LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 234; and see Wills II.428-29.

5Ironmonger: LBL (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011) fo. 136r; see also the Ironmongers' GL MS 16988/1 fo. 41v (new MS #: CLC/L/IB/D/001/MS16988/001; the company pays the oath-taking costs of Byfeld as an Ironmonger sheriff) and fo. 42r-v. See also Beaven I.199, 190, 154.

6Beaven II.17. Apparently not replaced. Beaven does not include him in his list (II.xxxix) of sheriffs who died in office. LBL fo. 212r-v has Breteyn at Common Council on 23 September and absent from 24 September.

7Ironmonger: LBM (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012) fo. 34v; also LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 235r; and the Ironmongers' GL MS 16988/1 fos. 86v-87v (new MS #: CLC/L/IB/D/001/MS16988/001) identifies him as sheriff 1501-02 and records the various costs of having a company member as sheriff. Beaven I.91 lists a Henry Hede, Ironmonger, as an aldermanic nominee (and also I.35, H. Hede).

8LBM (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/012) fo. 255v, and Beaven II.xxxix.

Note Sources

Calendar LB: Calendar of Letter-Books Preserved Among the Archives of the Corporation of the City of London at the Guildhall, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. 11 vols. (A-I, K-L). London: Corporation of London, 1889-1912.

Wills: Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London A.D. 1258-A.D.1688, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. London: Corporation of London, 1889-90.

Beaven: Alfred B. Beaven, The Aldermen of the City of London, 2 vols. London: Corporation of London, 1908-13.

GL MS: Manuscript at the Guildhall Library, London.

LB: Letter Book. Manuscript series (from A onward) at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LMA MS: Manuscript at the London Metropolitan Archives, London.

Stow/K: John Stow, A Survey of London, ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.

Notes About Company Names

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372; and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536. The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources. (See Companies / Occupations, on the site menu, for reference sources.)