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Company / Occupation: Grocer

Year click to sort by year Name click to sort by name Office Company / Occupation
1372-73 Brembre, Nicholas
Sheriff Grocer  
1372-73 Philipot, John
Sheriff Grocer (possibly), Fishmonger (possibly) 1  
1373-74 Aubrey, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer 2  
1375-76 Hadle, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1376-77 Brembre, Nicholas
Mayor (replaced Adam Stable 3 ) Grocer  
1377-78 Brembre, Nicholas
Mayor Grocer  
1378-79 Philipot, John
Mayor Grocer (possibly), Fishmonger (possibly) 1  
1379-80 Baret, William
Sheriff Grocer  
1379-80 Hadle, John
Mayor Grocer  
1383-84 Brembre, Nicholas
Mayor Grocer  
1384-85 Brembre, Nicholas
Mayor Grocer  
1385-86 Brembre, Nicholas
Mayor Grocer  
1385-86 Chircheman, John
Sheriff Grocer  
1386-87 Staundon, William
Sheriff 4 Grocer  
1387-88 Fastolf, Hugh
Sheriff Grocer  
1387-88 Venour, William5
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1388-89 Karlill, Adam
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1389-90 Venour, William5
Mayor Grocer  
1392-93 Staundon, William
Mayor Grocer  
1393-94 Hadle, John
Mayor Grocer  
1394-95 Knolles, Thomas
Sheriff Grocer  
1399-1400 Hyde, William
Sheriff Grocer  
1399-1400 Knolles, Thomas
Mayor Grocer  
1401-02 Venour, William6
Sheriff Grocer  
1402-03 Chichele, Robert
Sheriff Grocer  
1406-07 Broke, Geoffrey
Sheriff Grocer  
1407-08 Halton, Henry
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer 7  
1407-08 Staundon, William
Mayor Grocer  
1409-10 Chichele, William
Sheriff Grocer  
1410-11 Knolles, Thomas
Mayor Grocer  
1411-12 Chichele, Robert
Mayor Grocer  
1412-13 Sevenoke, William
Sheriff Grocer 8  
1413-14 Sutton, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer 9  
1415-16 Cauntbrigge, William
Sheriff (chosen by Mayor ) Grocer 10  
1416-17 Widyngton, Robert
Sheriff Grocer  
1418-19 Sevenoke, William
Mayor Grocer 8  
1420-21 Cauntbrigge, William
Mayor Grocer 10  
1420-21 Welles, John
Sheriff Grocer  
1421-22 Chichele, Robert
Mayor Grocer  
1426-27 Arnold, Robert11
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer 11  
1427-28 Otele, Robert
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1431-32 Broun, Stephen
Sheriff Grocer  
1431-32 Welles, John
Mayor Grocer  
1434-35 Otele, Robert
Mayor Grocer  
1435-36 Catteworth, Thomas
Sheriff Grocer  
1438-39 Broun, Stephen
Mayor Grocer  
1439-40 Marshal, Robert
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer 12  
1440-41 Whetenhall, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1443-44 Catteworth, Thomas
Mayor Grocer  
1443-44 Wyfold, Nicholas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1448-49 Broun, Stephen
Mayor Grocer  
1448-49 Marowe, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1449-50 Canynges, Thomas
Sheriff Grocer  
1450-51 Wyfold, Nicholas
Mayor Grocer  
1452-53 Lee, Richard
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1453-54 Walderne, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1454-55 Taillour, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1455-56 Marowe, William
Mayor Grocer  
1455-56 Yonge, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1456-57 Canynges, Thomas
Mayor Grocer  
1457-58 Edward, William
Sheriff 13 (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1459-60 Plummer, John14
[Plomer]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1460-61 Lee, Richard
Mayor Grocer  
1461-62 Irlond, George
Sheriff Grocer  
1466-67 Yonge, John
Mayor Grocer  
1468-69 Smyth, Simon
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer 15  
1468-69 Taillour, William
Mayor Grocer  
1469-70 Lee, Richard
Mayor Grocer  
1470-71 Crosby, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1471-72 Edward, William
Mayor 16 Grocer  
1472-73 Bledlowe, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1474-75 Hill, Thomas
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1479-80 Warde, John
Sheriff Grocer  
1483-84 Northland, Thomas
[Norlonde]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1484-85 Hill, Thomas
Mayor (died 23 Sep. 1485 17 ) Grocer  
1484-85 Warde, John
Mayor (replaced William Stokker 18 ) Grocer  
1488-89 Tilney, Ralph
Sheriff Grocer  
1489-90 Broke, John
Sheriff Grocer  
1490-91 Revell, Robert
Sheriff (died 23 Feb. 1491 19 ) Grocer  
1493-94 Wynger, John
Sheriff Grocer  
1500-01 Stede, William
Sheriff Grocer  
1502-03 Kebyll, Henry
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1504-05 Wynger, John
Mayor Grocer  
1505-06 Grove, Roger
Sheriff Grocer  
1507-08 Boteler, William
[Butler]
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1510-11 Kebyll, Henry
Mayor Grocer  
1510-11 Rest, John
Sheriff Grocer  
1513-14 Dawes, John
Sheriff (chosen by Mayor; died 15 Jun. 1514 20 ) Grocer  
1515-16 Boteler, William
[Butler]
Mayor Grocer  
1516-17 Rest, John
Mayor Grocer  
1519-20 Partryche, Nicholas
Sheriff Grocer  
1526-27 Lambarde, Nicholas
[Lambert]
Sheriff Grocer  
1531-32 Lambarde, Nicholas
[Lambert]
Mayor Grocer  
1532-33 Preest, John
Sheriff (replaced John Martyn 21 ) Grocer 22  
1538-39 Gybson, Nicholas
Sheriff Grocer  
1540-41 Laxton, William
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Grocer  
1544-45 Laxton, William
Mayor Grocer  
1545-46 Aleyn, Ralph23
Sheriff Grocer  
1550-51 Lyon, John
Sheriff Grocer  
1554-55 Lyon, John
Mayor Grocer  
1556-57 Whyte, John
Sheriff Grocer  

Notes

(Any abbreviated sources are listed in full below the notes.)

1Grocer: Beaven I.390; but Nightingale states p. 184 that, although closely associated with the Grocers, Philipot never became a company member. Fishmonger: see Wills II.275 n. 1.

2Grocer: Beaven I.225, though not in his chronological listing I.389. A John Aubrey is listed in Grocers' GL MS 11570 p. 45 (new MS #: CLC/L/GH/A/001/MS11570/001) as a company member in 1373; his name has subsequently been crossed out, as have others in the same list (largely marked as dead), but the deletion date is unknown. Beaven I.389 records the sheriff Aubrey as alderman 1370-77 and as dying c. December 1380. The next list of company members in GL MS 11570 is dated 1383 and no Aubrey is included. Nightingale (see, e.g., pp. 231-32) discusses a Grocer John Aubrey who sought election as an alderman in 1370, though she does not mention any term for him as sheriff. CPMR 2 (1364-81) lists both a John Aubrey, Pepperer p. 71 (1367), and a John Aubrey, Cordwainer p. 200 (1375).

3Elected and sworn, Guildhall and Tower, Saturday, 21 March 1377 (LBH [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/008] fo. 59r; see also LBF [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006] fo. 233v).

4Spelled as William Staman (sheriff) by Hughes p. 202.

5Not the same individual as the 1401-02 sheriff William Venour: see, e.g., Beaven I.338, 397, 403.

6Not the same individual as the 1389-90 mayor William Venour: see, e.g., Beaven I.338, 397, 403.

7Grocer: Beaven II.4. Mercer: Stow/K II.171; but Grocer: Stow/K I.252. See also Grocers' GL MS 11570 p. 102 (new MS #: CLC/L/GH/A/001/MS11570/001; the company pays for minstrels for the oath-taking of Halton as a Grocer sheriff).

8Grocer: Beaven II.4. Nightingale p. 344 records that Sevenoke originally went through his apprenticeship to, and became free as, an Ironmonger. See also Company/Occupation n. to John Michell mayor 1424-25.

9Grocer: LBI (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/009) fo. 126r; and see also the Grocers' GL MS 11570 pp. 111 and 112 (new MS #: CLC/L/GH/A/001/MS11570/001; the company pays for minstrels for a 1413-14 Grocer sheriff). See also Beaven I.287 and 270, and the Grocers' GL MS 11592A (Admissions; new MS # CLC/L/GH/C/003/MS11592A/001) under 1383, Jankyn Sutton. (Stow/K I.305 has Goldsmith.) Sutton was a company warden in 1406-07: see the Grocers' GL MS 11570 p. 102 (new MS #: as above).

10Grocer: Beaven II.5. See Company/Occupation n. to John Michell mayor 1424-25.

11John Arnold in Stow/K II.172; but Robert Arnold, Grocer, in LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 39v; Robert Arnold in Jor. 2 (LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/002) fo. 84r. A Chronicle p. 115 also has Robert Arnold, though identifying his company as the Haberdashers. Nightingale p. 359 calls Arnold originally a Haberdasher and forced to become a Grocer. The Grocers pay 'diuersez costages' in respect to him during their 1426-27 accounting year (Grocers' GL MS 11570 p. 162 [new MS #: CLC/L/GH/A/001/MS11570/001]), i.e., during the year he was sheriff, and he is listed (p. 175) as a member of the livery in 1428. See also Grocers' (20th century) GL MS 11592A (Admissions; new MS #: CLC/L/GH/C/003/MS11592A/001) under 1426, Robert Arnold.

12Grocer: LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 178v; see also Grocers' GL MS 11570 pp. 238, 258, and 260 (new MS #: CLC/L/GH/A/001/MS11570/001; the Grocers receive and pay money for Marshal as a Grocer sheriff).

13Edwards in Stow/K II.175.

14Nightingale (see pp. 499 and 534) states that his original name was John Leynham.

15See Grocers' GL MS 11570A p. 29 (money received for sheriff's minstrels; new MS #: CLC/L/GH/A/006/MS11570A), and GL MS 11571/2 (new MS #: CLC/L/GH/D/001/MS11571/002), e.g., fos. 150r, 172r-173r. (On both fos. 172v and 180r, GL MS 11571/2 [new MS # as above], he is called 'Symkyn' Smith, and also when a company warden in 1461-62, see fo. 2r.)

16Willey Edward in Stow/K II.176.

17Beaven II.15.

18Elected and sworn Guildhall [Thursday] 29 September 1485, to Westminster [Friday] 30 September--with sheriffs (LBL [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011] fos. 212v-213r).

19Beaven II.18.

20Beaven II.23. LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 235v gives 14 June 1514.

21Elected and sworn Guildhall and to Tower Thursday, 18 September 1533 (LBP [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/015] fos. 22v-23r).

22Grocer: LBP (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/015) fo. 22v. A John Preest is listed as three times a warden of the company (1526, 1534, 1537) in List of the Wardens of the Grocers' Company from 1345 to 1907 (London:[Grocers' Company,] 1907); see, e.g., Grocers' GL MS 11571/4 fo. 233v (new MS #: CLC/L/GH/D/001/MS11571/004; Preest as warden in 1526-27). The Grocers' accounts for 1533-34 (Preest's year as sheriff) are missing in the company's series (GL MS 11571/3-5 [new MS #: CLC/L/GH/D/001/MS11571/003-005]) for the early 16th century.

23Ralph Alley in Stow/K, II.182 (but Allen, I.322).

Note Sources

A Chronicle: A Chronicle of London from 1089 to 1483[, eds. Nicholas Nicolas and Edward Tyrrell]. London: Longman et al., 1827.

CPMR: Calendar of Plea and Memoranda Rolls, ed. A.H. Thomas, vols. 1-4; ed. Philip E. Jones, vols. 5-6. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1924-61.

Wills: Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London A.D. 1258-A.D.1688, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. London: Corporation of London, 1889-90.

Beaven: Alfred B. Beaven, The Aldermen of the City of London, 2 vols. London: Corporation of London, 1908-13.

GL MS: Manuscript at the Guildhall Library, London.

Hughes: A. Hughes, Public Record Office: Lists and Indexes, #9. London: Public Record Office, 1898; rpt. 1963.

Jor.: Journal. Manuscript series at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LB: Letter Book. Manuscript series (from A onward) at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LMA MS: Manuscript at the London Metropolitan Archives, London.

Nightingale: Pamela Nightingale, A Medieval Mercantile Community: The Grocers Company and the Politics and Trade of London 1000-1485. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1995.

Stow/K: John Stow, A Survey of London, ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.

Notes About Company Names

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372; and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536. The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources. (See Companies / Occupations, on the site menu, for reference sources.)