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Company / Occupation: Tailor

Year click to sort by year Name click to sort by name Office Company / Occupation
1253-54 de Norhampton, John
Sheriff Skinner (possibly), Tailor (possibly) 1  
1260-61 de Norhampton, John
Sheriff Skinner (possibly), Tailor (possibly) 1  
1429-30 Holland, Ralph
Sheriff Draper, Tailor 2  
1437-38 Chapman, William
Sheriff Tailor 3  
1442-43 Nordon, Richard
Sheriff Tailor 4  
1445-46 Derby, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Draper, Tailor 5  
1464-65 Stone, John
Sheriff Tailor 6  
1475-76 Colwyche, Robert
Sheriff Tailor  
1485-86 Swan, John
Sheriff Tailor  
1486-87 Percyvale, John
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Tailor  
1490-91 Pemberton, Hugh
Sheriff (replaced Robert Revell 7 ) Tailor  
1498-99 Jenyns, Stephen
Sheriff Tailor, Merchant Taylor 8  
1498-99 Percyvale, John
Mayor Tailor  
1499-1500 Wilforth, James
Sheriff (Chosen by Mayor ) Tailor  
1502-03 Nynes, Nicholas
Sheriff Tailor  
1508-09 Jenyns, Stephen
Mayor Tailor, Merchant Taylor 8  


(Any abbreviated sources are listed in full below the notes.)

1Tailor?: Beaven I.374; Skinner: Williams p. 63.

2Draper: Stow/K I.253; but see Merchant Taylors' GL MS 34048/1 fo. 211r (new MS #: CLC/L/MD/D/003/MS34038/001; expenses for a Tailor sheriff in 1429). For Holland's membership in both companies, see Caroline M. Barron, 'Ralph Holland and the London Radicals,' rpt. in eds. Richard Holt and Gervase Rosser, The Medieval Town: A Reader in English Urban History 1200-1540 (New York: Longman, 1990) pp. 162-63. His name appears a number of times in the Drapers' earliest extant accounts, Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140), passim.

3LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 171r has Draper; but the Merchant Taylors pay for trumpeters this year at the sheriffs' oath-taking (Merchant Taylors' GL MS 34048/1 fo. 301r [new MS #: CLC/L/MD/D/003/MS34048/001]). A William Chapman was Tailor master 1428-29 (see GL MS 34048/1 fo. 191v [new MS #: CLC/L/MD/D/003/MS34048/001]); and no William Chapman is listed in the Drapers' earliest set of wardens' accounts running c. 1413-41 (Drapers' MS WA1 [formerly MS +140]). Chapman was probably a Tailor only, though possibly he was connected also with the Drapers; see Company/Occupation n. to Ralph Holland sheriff 1429-30, and cf. John Derby sheriff 1445-56.

4Tailor: see Merchant Taylors' GL MS 34048/1 fo. 358r and 365v (new MS #: CLC/L/MD/D/003/MS34048/001; the company is receiving and paying money for the oath-taking of a Tailor sheriff).

5Beaven I.330 n.2 notes that Derby is described in his will (1479) as a Draper [see Wills II.579-80] but that he appears to be identical to the John Derby who was master of the Tailors and Linen Armourers in 1461-62. See also Beaven I.82 and 345, and II.9. In LBK (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/010) fo. 283v Derby is identified as a Draper, and also in Drapers' MS WA1 (formerly MS +140), passim. Caroline M. Barron, 'Ralph Holland and the London Radicals,' rpt. in eds. Richard Holt and Gervase Rosser, The Medieval Town: A Reader in English Urban History 1200-1540 (New York: Longman, 1990) p. 162 n. 8 cites Derby as unusually both a Draper and a Tailor. Cf. 1429-30 sheriff Holland and 1437-38 sheriff Chapman.

6Tailor: LBL (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011) fo. 33v; see also Davies p. 57 n. 38. (See also Beaven: the aldermanic nominee sheriff J. Stone [I.138 and 154] is presumably the same as the aldermanic nominee John Stone, Tailor [I.231].)

7Elected and sworn Guildhall Thursday, 24 February 1491, to Tower Wednesday, 2 March (LBL [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/011) fo. 283v).

8Tailor when sheriff in 1498-99, Merchant Taylor when mayor in 1508-09. The Tailors became Merchant Taylors in 1503.

Note Sources

Wills: Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London A.D. 1258-A.D.1688, ed. Reginald R. Sharpe. London: Corporation of London, 1889-90.

Beaven: Alfred B. Beaven, The Aldermen of the City of London, 2 vols. London: Corporation of London, 1908-13.

Davies: The Merchant Taylors Company of London: Court Minutes 1486-1493, ed. Matthew Davies. Stamford: Richard III and Yorkist History Trust in association with Paul Watkins, 2000.

Drapers' MS: Manuscript at Drapers' Hall, London.

GL MS: Manuscript at the Guildhall Library, London.

LB: Letter Book. Manuscript series (from A onward) at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LMA MS: Manuscript at the London Metropolitan Archives, London.

Stow/K: John Stow, A Survey of London, ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.

Williams: Gwyn A. Williams, Medieval London: From Commune to Capital. London: University of London, Athlone Press, 1963.

Notes About Company Names

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372; and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536. The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources. (See Companies / Occupations, on the site menu, for reference sources.)