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Company / Occupation: Butcher

Year click to sort by year Name click to sort by name Office Company / Occupation
1337-38 Crane, Nicholas
Sheriff Butcher 1  
1532-33 Martyn, John
Sheriff (replaced Nicholas Pyncheon; died Sep. 1533 2 ) Butcher 3  
1532-33 Pyncheon, Nicholas
Sheriff (died 8 Mar. 1533 4 ) Butcher 5  


(Any abbreviated sources are listed in full below the notes.)

1Butcher: Ekwall p. 327 # 169.

2Elected [Wednesday,] 12 March, sworn Guildhall and to Tower Wednesday, 12 or 19 March (LBP [LMA MS: COL/AD/01/015] fo. 6v, Jor. 13 [LMA MS: COL/CC/01/01/013] fo. 365v); died September (LBP fo. 22v), by 16 September (Rep. 9 [LMA MS: COL/CA/01/01/009] fo. 25r).

3Butcher: LBP (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/015) fo. 6v; see also LBF (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/006) fo. 236r, and Stow/K I.246.

4LBP (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/015) fo. 6v.

5Butcher: LBO (LMA MS: COL/AD/01/014) fo. 263v; a prominent early 16th century member of the company, see Philip E. Jones, The Butchers of London (London: Secker and Warburg, 1976) p. 144.

Note Sources

Ekwall: Two Early London Subsidy Rolls, ed. Eilert Ekwall. Lund: C.W.K. Gleerup, 1951.

Jor.: Journal. Manuscript series at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LB: Letter Book. Manuscript series (from A onward) at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

LMA MS: Manuscript at the London Metropolitan Archives, London.

Rep.: Repertory. Manuscript series at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA).

Stow/K: John Stow, A Survey of London, ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.

Notes About Company Names

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372; and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536. The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources. (See Companies / Occupations, on the site menu, for reference sources.)