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Detailed Results for Ralph * Hardel

Name Guild Held Office
Hardel, Ralph * 1 Draper (possibly) 2
Vintner (possibly) 2
1249-50 3 Sheriff
1254-55 4 Mayor
1255-56 5 Mayor
1256-57 Mayor
1257-58 6 Mayor (until 1 Feb. 1258)


  1. Possibly the son of William Hardel, sheriff 1207-08 and mayor 1215-16 (see Reynolds pp. 356-57).
  2. Draper: Beaven I.372; Vintner: Williams p. 209.
  3. In this year, 18-24 May 1250, the city was in the king's hands: see Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 17-18.
  4. Ralph Hardel, according to Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 22-23, did not immediately become mayor, because the city was taken into the king's hands (under John Gisors) until 19 Nov. Sheriffs William Eswy and Robert de Linton, temporarily out of office also with Hardel (Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 22-23), were removed in Feb. 1255 for neglect involving the gaols and were replaced by Henry de Walemunt and Stephen de Oystergate: see Stow/K II.156 n. 10, and Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 23-24.
  5. The city was briefly in the king's hands in Nov.: see Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 24-25.
  6. For the details of removals and replacements, and one death, during 1257-58, see Stow/K II.157 n. 1. An appointed warden served between mayors Ralph Hardel and William fitz-Richard. Beaven II.xxxix, however, gives sheriff Robert de Cateloigne's death as in Dec. 1257, and Mayors and Sheriffs p. 31 gives 14 Dec., while Stow/K gives 19 Oct. 1257 as the date upon which Matthew Bukerel succeeded Cateloigne. Beaven I.373 lists Thomas fitz-Thomas as sheriff only in 1258. See also Mayors and Sheriffs pp. 33-39.

Note Sources

  • Mayors and Sheriffs: Chronicles of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London A.D. 1188 to A.D. 1274, ed. and trans. Henry Thomas Riley. London: Trubner, 1863.
  • Beaven: Alfred B. Beaven, The Aldermen of the City of London. 2 vols. London: Corporation of London, 1908-13.
  • Williams: Gwyn A. Williams, Medieval London: From Commune to Capital. London: University of London, Athlone Press, 1963.
  • Stow/K: John Stow, A Survey of London, ed. Charles Lethbridge Kingsford. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.
  • Reynolds: Susan Reynolds, "The Rulers of London in the Twelfth Century", History 57 (Feb. 1972), 337-57.

Notes About Company Names

Grocers were originally called Pepperers; the company appears to have emerged as Grocers in 1372; and the Merchant Taylors were until 6 January 1503 the Tailors and Linen Armourers. For both companies the original name is used until the year of the change, and then the new name, regardless of whether the sources consulted use the old or the new designation. The Fishmongers and the Stockfishmongers were originally different companies which, after one union which did not succeed, were finally united on a permanent basis in 1536. The two different names are here reproduced until 1536, from which year only the Fishmonger designation is used, regardless of the readings of the sources. The Barbers and the Surgeons, two separate companies, were combined from 1540 to 1745; the combined name Barbers and Surgeons is accordingly used here for those years. The Armourers in 1708 became the Armourers and Brasiers, and the longer name is used here from 1708 on; but otherwise companies which through mergers and additions lengthened their original names are cited throughout by their original names only, for ease of database company searches. (For reference sources for the dates above, see Companies / Occupations on the site menu bar.)  Note that a search for, e.g., all mayors and sheriffs from a company with a database name change has to be made separately for each company name.

Asterisks After Names

An asterisk after a name indicates an individual who is included as an alderman in A. B. Beaven's or John Chalstrey's reference volumes on London aldermen. From 1190--91 to 1271--72, parentheses around the asterisk indicate an individual who is in Beaven's volumes as an alderman but is not included in John McEwan's "The Aldermen of London, c.1200--80: Alfred Beaven Revisited." (See Sources, on the site menu bar, for these works.)  In four cases, 1272--80, no parenthesis are supplied where Beaven indicates aldermanic status and McEwan does not; these special cases are footnoted.